What are Non-Specific Reading Dysfunctions?

Here is an indicative list of the more commonly identified Non-Specific Reading Dysfunctions;

  • Low intelligence
  • Educational deprivation (e.g., child who does not attend school regularly)
  • Sociocultural deprivation or differences (e.g., English is child’s second language)
  • Primary emotional or mental health problems
  • Vision problems (e.g. uncorrected focus problems)
  • Auditory problems (e.g., poor hearing, poor auditory perception, poor auditory processing)
  • Speech problems
  • Sensory-integration problems (e.g., poor auditory-visual integrative skills)
  • Attentional problems (e.g., Autistic Spectrum Disorders such as Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder)
  • Poor Health
  • Poor Nutrition
  • Poor motivation